Labor Law Standards (労働基準法) Article 39 requires employers to provide paid-time-off (PTO) (有給休暇) to their employees who have been employed, on a continual basis, for 6 months and have worked 80 percent or more of the required work days. This means that if you started with your employer on April 1, 2007, you will not have any PTO until 6 months later, October 1, 2007, provided that you worked 80 percent or more of your required work days. You really don’t have to worry much about satisfying the 80 percent threshold because a few sick days here and there won’t put you below that level.
The number of PTO days provided depends on how long you’ve been with the employer and also on your employer but the minimum given to you on your first year is 10 days. After another year of service, you’ll receive 11 days and then 12 days for another year of service. It then increases by 2 days for each additional year of service until it reaches 20 days (10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, and then 20). After that, you get 20 PTO days per year. Of course, the Labor Standards Law sets only the minimum standards so employers are free to give more PTO days than required by law. Many employers do so through their employment handbooks (就業規則).
Thinking about working in Japan? Preparing to move overseas almost becomes a full-time job in the final weeks of your departure. Many people quit their jobs weeks before so they can devote their time to preparation. But what about your health insurance? Short-term health insurance plans are a great solution. ↓
Below are links to Certified Social Insurance and Labor Consultants providing services in English. Also below are useful links related to working in Japan and links to women balancing career and personal happiness. WJA realizes and promotes women's increasing value in the labor market.