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why is health insurance mandatory in Japan?

Because Japan doesn’t want to be like US.

Data released on August 29, 2006 by the US Census Bureau show that the number of uninsured Americans stood at a record 46.6 million in 2005, with 15.9 percent of Americans lacking health coverage. According to Robert Greenstein, executive director of the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, “The number of uninsured Americans reached an all-time high in 2005”. “It is sobering that 5.4 million more people lacked health insurance in 2005 than in the recession year of 2001, primarily because of the erosion of employer-based insurance.

According to the Census data, the number of uninsured Americans increased from 45.3 million in 2004 to 46.6 million in 2005. The percentage of uninsured Americans rose 15.6 percent in 2004 and 15.9 percent in 2005, uncovering the trend that more and more Americans are uninsured. As many households became uninsured, the number of children who are uninsured rose from 7.9 million in 2004 to 8.3 million in 2005.

Japan lays down a policy of 国民皆保険、a policy where all residents of Japan are insured regardless of citizenship. Accordingly, the purpose of the Health Insurance Law, according to Health Insurance Law Article 1, is to contribute to stabilize living and improve welfare for citizens by providing insurance benefits to employees and their dependents for sickness, injury, death, and labor arising outside the scope of employees’ work (この法律は、労働者の業務外の事由による疾病、負傷若しくは死亡又は出産及びその被扶養者の疾病、負傷、死亡又は出産に関して保険給付を行い、もって国民の生活の安定と福祉の向上に寄与することを目的とする。). In correspondence, the purpose of National Health Insurance Law, according to National Health Insurance Law Article 1, is to contribute to the improvement of social security and national insurance by securing sound operation of national health insurance activities (この法律は、国民健康保険事業の健全な運営を確保し、社会保障および国民保険の向上に寄与することを目的としている。).

Of the many great things about Japan, I must say that this ranks among the top.


2007年02月06日 Social Insurance Law トラックバック:0 コメント:0