Another 2 weeks US 1 month Japan practice is submitting your resignation notice. As in the movie “Two Weeks Notice” starring Sandra Bullock and Hugh Grant, giving your boss a two weeks notice to leave the company is the common practice in U.S. In Japan, although the Civil Law (民法) only requires a two weeks notice, many companies have implemented a 30 days notice in their so-called employment book or rules of employment (就業規則). I won’t go into details about this employment book for now but basically, it lays down the rules and guidelines that apply to all employees of that company (so the two weeks notice in the Civil Law is overridden by employers' rules).
This 30 days notice stems from Labor Standards Law Article 20 which states that “In the event that an employer wishes to dismiss an employee, the employer shall provide at least 30 days advance notice (解雇予告).” Up until recently, life-time employment (終身雇用) was the practice in Japan. Our grandfathers and fathers (don’t mean to be sexist but it stood true back then) went to work for a company after graduating high school or college and stayed with the same company until retirement. The company was one big family and felt obligated to secure the employment of its employees. Firing was a rare practice. The 30 days notice reflects the spirit of Corporate Japan in the old days to protect the life of employees whose living so heavily depended on the salary from their employers. Two weeks notice was considered too short. And because companies are required to give at least a 30 days notice, they have implemented in their employment books that employees must also give companies a 30 days advance notice when quitting.
Thinking about working in Japan? Preparing to move overseas almost becomes a full-time job in the final weeks of your departure. Many people quit their jobs weeks before so they can devote their time to preparation. But what about your health insurance? Short-term health insurance plans are a great solution. ↓
Below are links to Certified Social Insurance and Labor Consultants providing services in English. Also below are useful links related to working in Japan and links to women balancing career and personal happiness. WJA realizes and promotes women's increasing value in the labor market.