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Corporate Tuition Aid Keeps Workers Loyal
Economists have long questioned the value of corporate tuition-assistance programs, asserting that employees' new degrees would make them more marketable and more likely to leave.
But a growing body of research concludes just the opposite: Paying for employees' education makes them more likely to stay.
One new study, by Stanford graduate student Colleen N. Flaherty, found dramatically lower attrition among participants in a tuition-reimbursement program at an unnamed nonprofit institution. Among employees hired the year after the program started, only about 33% of participants had left the employer within five years, compared with about 60% of employees hired the same year who didn't use the tuition program.
Peter Cappelli, a management professor at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School, concurs in his 2004 study that "tuition assistance appears to select better-quality employees who stay on the job longer," in part to make use of the benefit.
(May 21, 2007, The Wall Street Journal)
2007年05月22日 News トラックバック：0 コメント：2
Types of Income
1. Interest Income
Interest income includes interest from bonds, debentures, and interest on savings, as well as distributions from earnings derived from investment and loans trusts. In general, income tax is withheld by the payer at the time of payment. Interest earned on savings with overseas banks not subject to withholding tax must be declared. Interests on loans to individuals or companies do not fall under the category of interest income. They are classified either as miscellaneous income or business income.2. Dividend Income
Dividend income includes payments received as surplus and distribution of profits of investment trusts (excluding corporate management investment trusts such as public and corporate bond investment trusts and public offering bonds). Individuals deemed as having paid separate taxation at source do not need to declare this income in their returns because the tax procedure has been completed when it was withheld at source.3. Real Estate Income
Income from real estate includes income from leasing land, building, property right, sailing vessel, aircraft, etc. Down payment, contract renewal fee, fee for transfer of title are generally treated as income from real estate. However, down payment, etc. arising from setting up land-leasing right may be classified as income from capital gain.4. Business Income
Business income includes income derived from wholesale and retail commerce, hotels and restaurants, manufacturing, construction, finance, transportation, maintenance, and any income derived from sales of products or services. It also includes income of doctors, lawyers, writers, actors and actresses, professional baseball players, traveling salespersons, carpenters and those involved in fisheries or similar enterprises.
Business income encompasses agricultural income defined as income from agricultural production, fruit growing, sericulture, rearing of poultry and livestock, the manufacture of straw goods or similar activities, and dairy farming.5. Employment Income
Employment income includes salaries, wages, amounts paid to former employees based on prior service, pensions other than lump-sum pensions, bonuses and similar amounts, reduced by the earned income deduction. Allowances (cost of living allowances, child education allowances, medical allowances, tax allowances, housing allowances, etc.) and fringe benefits (benefits received on employer-provided housing with low or no rent payments and benefits received on a employer-provided loan with low or no interest rate) are included in employment income.6. Retirement Income
Retirement income includes retirement allowance, severence pay, lump sum payment from social insurance systems, and any other payments triggered by retirement from employment.7. Forestry Income
Forestry income include income derived from lumbering or the transfer of timber.8. Capital Gain Income
Capital gains income includes income from the transfer of tangible and intangible property, but does not include income from the sale or transfer of land or buildings or the proceeds of sales of inventory or other property continuously transferred in business.9. Occasional Income
Occasional income is incidental income of a nonrecurring nature that does not fall into the aggregate assessment income tax categories of interest income, dividend income, lease income, business income, employment income or capital gains.10. Miscellaneous Income
Miscellaneous income is income that does not fall into any other category of income. Common miscellaneous income includes annuity from insurance system and income of a nonrecurring nature such as interest received from a loan to a friend and/or a family member.
2007年05月07日 Taxes トラックバック：0 コメント：2
Experienced hires on the rise
Major companies are increasingly hiring experienced employees. According to a research conducted by Nihon Keizai Shinbun
, hiring of experienced employees increased by 6.1 percent compared to last year. Companies are deploying these experienced hires to strengthen new lines of business. Sony plans to hire 400 experienced employees, or 14 percent increase from last year, topping the group of manufacturing companies to increase experienced hires. Seven Eleven Japan plans to hire 475 employees.
In a survey of 2081 companies, new recruits for the spring of 2008 decreased 0.2 percent to 126,850 indicating that while companies aggressively recruit on campuses, they are also aggressive in hiring experienced employees to secure necessary talents. (Source: Nihon Keizai Shinbun
2007年04月25日 News トラックバック：0 コメント：2
More people switching jobs
According to a research by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
, 3,460,000 people, 1.8 percent increase from prior year, switched jobs in 2006, marking the highest number of people changing jobs since 2002 when the research began. Job changes among women increased 2.9 percent pushing the total number upward. The result reflects Japan’s improving economy and companies’ aggressiveness in hiring experienced employees.
The total number of people switching jobs increased for two consecutive years. Unemployment rate decreased from 5.5 percent in June 2002 to 4.0 percent in November 2006 reflecting the improving labor market. (Source: Nikkei Net
2007年04月25日 News トラックバック：0 コメント：2
Nissan to Cut 12,000 Jobs in Japan
Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. the maker of Fairlady Z and Skyline announced on April 23 its course on implementing early retirement programs targeting approximately 12,000 employees in the manufacturing and sales departments over the age of 45. The company aims to reduce its sales force which comprises 70 percent of this number. Nissan, under continuing weak demand, have reduced production at two factories from April. The company, determining dramatic improvement in domestic sales to be difficult, has stepped up to the lay off in eight years since 1999.
Nissan will pay additional severance calculated according to the number of years with the company. Application is accepted for 6 months beginning June. Nikkei Net
When can employers lay off employees in Japan? See related articles
2007年04月24日 News トラックバック：0 コメント：2